It is never advised to hard-code credentials when making a connection to Athena (even though the option is there). Instead it is advised to use profile_name (set up by AWS Command Line Interface), Amazon Resource Name roles or environmental variables. Here is a list of supported environment variables:

  • AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID: is equivalent to the dbConnect parameter - aws_access_key_id

  • AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY: is equivalent to the dbConnect parameter - aws_secret_access_key

  • AWS_SESSION_TOKEN: is equivalent to the dbConnect parameter - aws_session_token

  • AWS_ROLE_ARN: is equivalent to the dbConnect parameter - role_arn

  • AWS_EXPIRATION: is equivalent to the dbConnect parameter - duration_seconds

  • AWS_ATHENA_S3_STAGING_DIR: is equivalent to the dbConnect parameter - s3_staging_dir

  • AWS_ATHENA_WORK_GROUP: is equivalent to dbConnect parameter - work_group

  • AWS_REGION: is equivalent to dbConnect parameter - region_name

NOTE: If you have set any environmental variables in .Renviron please restart your R in order for the changes to take affect.

# S4 method for AthenaDriver
dbConnect(
  drv,
  aws_access_key_id = NULL,
  aws_secret_access_key = NULL,
  aws_session_token = NULL,
  schema_name = "default",
  work_group = NULL,
  poll_interval = NULL,
  encryption_option = c("NULL", "SSE_S3", "SSE_KMS", "CSE_KMS"),
  kms_key = NULL,
  profile_name = NULL,
  role_arn = NULL,
  role_session_name = sprintf("RAthena-session-%s", as.integer(Sys.time())),
  duration_seconds = 3600L,
  s3_staging_dir = NULL,
  region_name = NULL,
  botocore_session = NULL,
  keyboard_interrupt = TRUE,
  ...
)

Arguments

drv

an object that inherits from DBIDriver, or an existing DBIConnection object (in order to clone an existing connection).

aws_access_key_id

AWS access key ID

aws_secret_access_key

AWS secret access key

aws_session_token

AWS temporary session token

schema_name

The schema_name to which the connection belongs

work_group

The name of the work group to run Athena queries , Currently defaulted to NULL.

poll_interval

Amount of time took when checking query execution status. Default set to a random interval between 0.5 - 1 seconds.

encryption_option

Athena encryption at rest link. Supported Amazon S3 Encryption Options ["NULL", "SSE_S3", "SSE_KMS", "CSE_KMS"]. Connection will default to NULL, usually changing this option is not required.

kms_key

AWS Key Management Service, please refer to link for more information around the concept.

profile_name

The name of a profile to use. If not given, then the default profile is used. To set profile name, the AWS Command Line Interface (AWS CLI) will need to be configured. To configure AWS CLI please refer to: Configuring the AWS CLI.

role_arn

The Amazon Resource Name (ARN) of the role to assume (such as arn:aws:sts::123456789012:assumed-role/role_name/role_session_name)

role_session_name

An identifier for the assumed role session. By default `RAthena` creates a session name sprintf("RAthena-session-%s", as.integer(Sys.time()))

duration_seconds

The duration, in seconds, of the role session. The value can range from 900 seconds (15 minutes) up to the maximum session duration setting for the role. This setting can have a value from 1 hour to 12 hours. By default duration is set to 3600 seconds (1 hour).

s3_staging_dir

The location in Amazon S3 where your query results are stored, such as s3://path/to/query/bucket/

region_name

Default region when creating new connections. Please refer to link for AWS region codes (region code example: Region = EU (Ireland) region_name = "eu-west-1")

botocore_session

Use this Botocore session instead of creating a new default one.

keyboard_interrupt

Stops AWS Athena process when R gets a keyboard interrupt, currently defaults to TRUE

...

Any other parameter for Boto3 session: Boto3 session documentation

Value

dbConnect() returns a s4 class. This object is used to communicate with AWS Athena.

See also

Examples

if (FALSE) { # Connect to Athena using your aws access keys library(DBI) con <- dbConnect(RAthena::athena(), aws_access_key_id='YOUR_ACCESS_KEY_ID', # aws_secret_access_key='YOUR_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY', s3_staging_dir='s3://path/to/query/bucket/', region_name='us-west-2') dbDisconnect(con) # Connect to Athena using your profile name # Profile name can be created by using AWS CLI con <- dbConnect(RAthena::athena(), profile_name = "YOUR_PROFILE_NAME", s3_staging_dir = 's3://path/to/query/bucket/') dbDisconnect(con) # Connect to Athena using ARN role con <- dbConnect(RAthena::athena(), profile_name = "YOUR_PROFILE_NAME", role_arn = "arn:aws:sts::123456789012:assumed-role/role_name/role_session_name", s3_staging_dir = 's3://path/to/query/bucket/') dbDisconnect(con) }